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Coal: A Love Story


CREDITS

Design and animation Sarah Riazati

Editing Caitlyn Greene & Sarah Riazati

Music Optimist by Zoe Keating, Courtesy of the Free Music Archive

We are all


Born into coal


From coal town to ghost town


SOURCES

SOURCES

Oil prices
Energy Information Administration

Coal prices
Energy Information Administration

Per capita income
U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty
U.S. Census Bureau
Hendryx, Michael. Education and Jobs, Jobs and Education: A Proposal for funding economic redevelopment in Central Appalachia. Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University.

Coal production
Energy Information Administration (1)
Energy Information Administration (2)
Energy Information Administration (PDF 3)

Contributions to West Virginia economy
State of West Virginia (PDF 1)
State of West Virginia (PDF 2)

The Economic Contributions of U.S. mining in 2008
PricewaterhouseCoopers for the National Mining Association (PDF)

Epstein, Paul, Jonathan J. Buonocore, Kevin Eckerle, Michael Hendryx, Benjamin M. Stout III, Richard Heinberg, Richard W. Clapp, Beverly May, Nancy L. Reinhart, Melissa M. Ahern, Samir K. Doshi, and Leslie Glustrom. Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Ecological Economics Reviews, 73 – 98.

Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics (1)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2)

Impacts of Mono-economy in Appalachia
Wood, Lawrence E. Trends in National and Regional Economic Distress: 1960-2000. College of Communication, Ohio University. Prepared for the Appalachian Regional Commission. April, 2005.



CREDITS

CREDITS

Programming and design Adrienne Wollman

Camera Catherine Orr and Catherine Spangler

Research Jeff Mittelstadt, Hely Olivares and Catherine Orr

Narration Catherine Orr



Coal & you


Threatened


CREDITS

CREDITS

Camera and sound Caitlyn Greene, Jeff Mittelstadt, Catherine Orr, Mimi Schiffman & Catherine Spangler

Editing Caitlyn Greene


Aerial Photography Team Director: Adolfo Doring
Aerial Cinematographer: Michael Kelem
Producer: Amanda Zackem
Made possible by:
Appalachian Voices
Wallace Global Fund


Of the Land


Rooted


CREDITS

CREDITS

Camera and sound Caitlyn Greene, Jeff Mittelstadt, Catherine Orr, Mimi Schiffman & Catherine Spangler

Editing Caitlyn Greene



Aerial Photography Team Director: Adolfo Doring
Aerial Cinematographer: Michael Kelem
Producer: Amanda Zackem
Made possible by:
Appalachian Voices
Wallace Global Fund


If I don't speak


SOURCES

SOURCES

Epstein, Paul R., “Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal”, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1219 (2011) 73–98.

CLOSE
CREDITS

CREDITS

Camera and sound Caitlyn Greene & Mimi Schiffman

Editing Caitlyn Greene and Catherine Spangler

Additional camera Luis Vega

Graphics Sarah Riazati



Wyoming to Chicago


Fighting


CREDITS

CREDITS

Camera and sound Caitlyn Greene, Jeff Mittelstadt, Catherine Orr, Mimi Schiffman & Catherine Spangler

Editing Caitlyn Greene



Aerial Photography Team Director: Adolfo Doring
Aerial Cinematographer: Michael Kelem
Producer: Amanda Zackem
Made possible by:
Appalachian Voices
Wallace Global Fund


World of coal


SOURCES

SOURCES

McKibben, Bill, “Can China Go Green?” National Geographic, June 2011.
U.S. Energy Information Administration
Epstein, Paul R., “Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal”, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1219 (2011) 73–98.
World Coal Institute
International Energy Agency

CREDITS

CREDITS

Concept, design, animation and research Hadley Gustafson

Research and voice Jeff Mittelstadt

Research Hely Olivares



Running


CREDITS

CREDITS

Camera and sound Caitlyn Greene, Jeff Mittelstadt, Catherine Orr, Mimi Schiffman and Catherine Spangler

Editing Caitlyn Greene



Aerial Photography Team Director: Adolfo Doring
Aerial Cinematographer: Michael Kelem
Producer: Amanda Zackem
Made possible by:
Appalachian Voices
Wallace Global Fund


The Cost of Mining


SOURCES

SOURCES

Black lung
Distribution of part C TF black lung claims and disbursements, by state FY 2009.
Proposed rule for phase II of the U.S. government’s attempt to end black lung.

Orange clouds
Associated Press. Orange cloud from mine blast drifts near Gillette. KULR8. Jan. 7, 2008.
Whitney, Eric. Beware of orange clouds. High Country News. May 10, 1999.

Western land
Draft environmental impact statement for the Wright area coal lease applications. June, 2009. (PDF)
U.S. Department of Interior Bureau of Land Management. New report details coal resources on federal land in powder river basin. Oct. 20, 2009.
U.S. Departments of Energy, Interior and Agriculture. Inventory of assessed federal coal resources and restrictions to their development. August, 2007. (PDF)

Sulfur toxicity and cattle
Cattle Today. Calf scours.
Lardy, Greg and Charles Stoltenow. Livestock and water. July, 1999.
Wagner, John J. Sulfur toxicity in feedlot cattle. ADM Alliance Nutrition. Colorado State University.

Birth defects
Ahern, Melissa M., Michael Hendryx, Jamison Conley, Evan Fedorko, Alan Ducatman and Keith J. Zullig. The association between mountaintop mining    and birth defects among live births in central Appalachia, 1996–2003.

Water
Hitt, Nathaniel P. and Michael Hendryx. Ecological integrity of streams related to human cancer mortality rates. EcoHealth vol. 7, num. 1, 91-104.
Martin, Lawrence J., David L. Naftz, H.W. Lowham, and J.G. Rankl. Cumulative potential hydrologic impacts of surface coal mining in the eastern Powder
    River Structural Basin, northeastern Wyoming. U.S. Geological Survey. 1988.
Mavis, Jim. Water use in industries of the future: mining industry. CH2M Hill. July, 2003. (PDF)
Stoddard, J.L., A.T. Herlihy, B.H. Hill, R.M. Hughes, P.R. Kaufmann, D.J. Klemm, J.M. Lazorchak, F.H. McCormick, D.V. Peck, S.G. Paulsen, A.R. Olsen, D.P. Larsen, J. Van Sickle, T.R. Whittier. Mid-Atlantic integrated assessment (MAIA): state of the flowing waters report. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
   Office of Research and Development. February, 2006.

Water lawsuits
Sierra Club. Federal Judge Rules Coal Mine Operators Violating Clean Water and Mining Laws. April 1, 2011.

Mountaintop removal
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Final programmatic environmental impact statement on mountaintop mining/valley fills in Appalachia. 2005.
Palmer, M.A., E.S. Bernhardt, W.H. Schlesinger, K.N. Eshleman, E. Foufoula-Georgiou, M.S. Hendryx, A.D. Lemly, G.E. Likens, O.L. Loucks, M.E. Power,
   P.S. White and P.R. Wilcock. Mountaintop mining consequences. Science. Jan. 8, 2010.

CREDITS

CREDITS

Reporting Jeff Mittelstadt

Graphics and programming Kristen Long

Research Jeff Mittelstadt and Hely Olivares



Coal in Context

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SOURCES

SOURCES


Environmental Protection Agency eGRID.
U.S. Energy Information Administration Fuel Receipts.
Abt Associates, Inc. for the Clean Air Task Force. Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool. July, 2010.
Clean Air Task Force.
Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal.

CREDITS

CREDITS

Research Jeff Mittelstadt
Concept and planning Whitney Baker
Programming Adrienne Wollman
Design by Kristen Long



The Cost of Burning Coal


Pollution Travels

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SOURCES

SOURCES

Developed using EPA data

Cross-state air pollution rule
Environmental Protection Agency

Health effects of ozone
Environmental Protection Agency

Health effects of NOx
Environmental Protection Agency

Health effects of SO2
Environmental Protection Agency

Cost estimates for the fine particulate matter annual health effects
Epstein, Paul, Jonathan J. Buonocore, Kevin Eckerle, Michael Hendryx, Benjamin M. Stout III, Richard Heinberg, Richard W. Clapp, Beverly May, Nancy L. Reinhart, Melissa M. Ahern, Samir K. Doshi, and Leslie Glustrom. Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Ecological Economics Reviews, 73 – 98.

CREDITS

CREDITS

Research and writing Jeff Mittelstadt
Design Delphine Andrews
Programming Kristen Long



Future of "Clean Coal"


Why We Can't Break Up


CREDITS

CREDITS

Writing and reporting Hely Olivares

Graphics Kristen Long